Bookshelp header image for page World Wide Words logo

Butter wouldn’t melt in his mouth

Q From An AOL subscriber: This is probably desperately simple but perhaps you could please tell me from where the phrase ‘butter wouldn’t melt in his mouth’ originates?

A It’s one of those sayings that are so old their origins are lost in the proverbial mists of time. It refers dismissively to somebody who appears gentle or innocent while typically being the opposite. A typical use was in William Makepeace Thackeray’s Pendennis: “When a visitor comes in, she smiles and languishes, you’d think that butter wouldn’t melt in her mouth: and the minute he is gone, very likely, she flares up like a little demon, and says things fit to send you wild”.

It appeared in print first in John Palsgrove’s book about the French language, Lesclarcissement de la Langue Françoyse of 1530, but it’s more than likely he was borrowing a saying that was already proverbial.

Since putting butter in one’s mouth, even in these technological times straight from the fridge, is certain to cause it to melt, the saying is not altogether easy to understand. It might be tied up with the idea of coolness, of a nonchalant ease that is unaffected by passion or emotion (a sense of cool that goes back at least a century before the first recorded appearance of the butter saying). If you are that coolly insouciant, the idea seems to be, butter really won’t melt in your mouth.

While looking into the phrase, I found several examples that showed that people sometimes misunderstand it. For example, this appeared in the Independent newspaper on 28 September 2001: “ ‘You’d think butter wouldn’t melt in his mouth,’ said a neighbour. ‘It’s hard to imagine he would be involved with the things he has been accused of.’ ” The speaker thinks it refers to a sweet temperament, not the misleadingly demure appearance of a person who is a lot less harmless than he or she looks. There’s nothing new about this, since the same associations are in Thomas Chandler Haliburton’s Nature and Human Nature of 1855: “He looks so good, all the women that see him say, ‘Ain’t he a dear man?’ He is meekness itself. Butter wouldn’t melt in his mouth. He has no pride in him”.

Share this page
Facebook Twitter StumbleUpon Google+ LinkedIn Email

Search World Wide Words

Support World Wide Words!

Donate via PayPal. Select your currency from the list and click Donate.


Buy from Amazon and get me a small commission at no cost to you. Select your preferred site and click Go!

OTHER WAYS TO HELP

Copyright © Michael Quinion, 1996–. All rights reserved.
Page created 2 Aug. 2003

Advice on copyright

The English language is forever changing. New words appear; old ones fall out of use or alter their meanings. World Wide Words tries to record at least a part of this shifting wordscape by featuring new words, word histories, words in the news, and the curiosities of native English speech.

World Wide Words is copyright © Michael Quinion, 1996–. All rights reserved.
This page URL: http://www.worldwidewords.org/qa/qa-but3.htm
Last modified: 2 August 2003.